IFK - Tribological Investigations on Additively Manufactured Surfaces using Extreme High-Speed Laser Material Deposition (EHLA) and Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF)
A paper on “Tribological Investigations on Additively Manufactured Surfaces using Extreme High-Speed Laser Material Deposition (EHLA) and Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF)” was published at the ifk in Dresden.
Today's economic and ecological directives demand for highly sustainable machine parts by low production cost and energy consumption. Consequently, it is crucial to guarantee a long service life by protecting all components against wear and corrosion. However, hydraulic components always include stressed surfaces, which suffer from heavy loads at high relative speeds. To prevent fretting, coating processes like thermal spraying or hard chrome have a long history in the field of hydraulics. New additive laser-based processes like EHLA and LPBF offer the potential to apply new coatings without environmentally hazardous substances such as chromium or to manufacture complex parts with new functionalities. So far, additively manufactured surfaces with relative movements are post-processed to obtain surface qualities similar to subtractive methods, as the tribological properties of additive surfaces have not been investigated to date. Therefore, this paper investigates the frictional behavior of 316L surfaces produced by laser-based EHLA and LPBF processes using a disc-disc tribometer.